(Head of Laboratory)
Paola De Filippi
Inside the pathogenesis of a Rare Disease
Rare Diseases affect 1 subjects per 2000 (European definition; in the USA a ìrare diseaseî affects less than 200 000 Americans at any given time), with differences in incidence between geographic regions.
Patients affected by a Rare Disease often have a delayed diagnosis and encounter difficulties in order to find reference centers capable to take care of them and offer appropriated clinical follow up. Almost all Rare genetic disease have no therapies, so the study of the molecular bases of a Rare Disease can improve early diagnosis, genetic counseling and research for new therapies. Our laboratory is interested in studying the genetic and biological bases of four Rare Diseases and offering for them a proper Genetic Counseling:
(i) Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT): genotype/phenotype correlations and miRNA analysis as prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target
(ii) Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome (SDS): mutation analysis, clonal cytogenetic alterations and clinical phenotype, NGS for new genotype/phenotype correlations
(iii) Pompe Disease (GSD-II): Genetic and Clinical variability, identification of modifying genes
(iv) Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukaemia (JMML): a phase 2, multicenter, open-label study is ongoing to evaluate the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety and activity of azacitidine, comparing historical controls with newly diagnosed cases.
Selected PapersEfficacy and safety of thalidomide for the treatment of severe recurrent epistaxis in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia: results of a non-randomised, single-centre, phase 2 study. R Invernizzi, F Quaglia, C Klersy et al. The Lancet Haematology 11(2): e465 (2015)
The isochromosome i(7)(q10) carrying c.258 ˛ 2t4c mutation of the SBDS gene does not promote development of myeloid malignancies in patients with Shwachman syndrome. Minelli A, Maserati E, Nicolis E et al. Leukemia 23, 708ñ711 (2009)
JAK2 V617F mutation is a rare event in juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. M Zecca, C Bergamaschim C Kratz et al. Leukemia 21, 367ñ369 (2007)